Only your healthcare provider can tell if you have diabetes. Your provider may do one or more of the following tests to confirm:
Blood Glucose tested anytime of the day
(including those tested after meals)
|200 mg/dL (or 11.1 mmol/L) or more|
and you have symtoms of diabetes.
FPG - Fasting Plasma Glucose
(no food at least for 8hrs)
|126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L)|
or more on two occasions
OGTT - 2hrs Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
(Glucose level 2hrs after drinking a bottle of water containing 75g of glucose)
|200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L)|
Blood test that measures average blood glucose levels
that were attached to red blood cells over the 2-3 months.
No fasting needed.
|6.5% or more|
of the above tests need to be repeated to confirm if you have diabetes.
The A1C test is recently approved to be used as diagnosis of type 2
diabetes. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) may be a better test to
determine if an individual of Asian descent has diabetes or
pre-diabetes because the fasting plasma glucose test sometimes can miss
the diagnosis especially in this population.
your blood glucose is higher than normal but not high enough to be
diagnosed as diabetes, you may have "pre-diabetes." Test results that
could indicate pre-diabetes are as follows:
- FPG between 100-125 mg/dL or 5.6 – 6.9 mmol/L
- OGTT between 140 - 199 mg/dL or 7.8 - 11.0 mmol/L
- A1C between 5.7% -6.4%
51% of Asian Americans with diabetes are undiagnosed. The AADI is leading the SCREEN AT 23 Campaign as a member of Asian American Native Hawaiian Pacific Islandar Diabetes Coalition (AANHPI DC).